Tax Implications When Buying a Holiday Home
Many Australians will spend part of their summer down at the beach and, whilst they are there, thousands of them will browse the local estate agents window and dream wistfully of buying a seaside holiday pad. Thousands of them will actually take the plunge and make a purchase.
Every year, the ATO looks closely at tax claims which relate to holiday homes to ensure that people aren't over-claiming tax deductions. The boom in holiday home ownership throws up particular challenges for the taxman, both in making sure that they know exactly who owns what and also in making sure that taxpayers aren't rorting the system.
As part of that process, the ATO stated last year that it will write to property investors who own properties in popular holiday areas to remind them to claim only the deductions to which they are entitled.
So what do you need to know to get it right?
Declare rental returns as income
If you rent out your holiday home during the period you're not using it, you need to declare the rental returns as income.
Renting out the holiday home
You can only claim deductions for the periods the property is rented out or is genuinely available for rent. Periods of personal use can't be claimed. This is particularly important for holiday homes, where the ATO regularly finds evidence of home-owners claiming deductions for their holiday pad on the grounds that it is being rented out, when in reality the only people using it are the owners, their family and friends, often rent-free.
Claiming the costs of repairs and renovations
The costs to repair damage and defects existing at the time of purchase or the costs of renovation cannot be claimed immediately. These costs are deductible instead over a number of years. Expect to see the ATO checking such claims and pushing back against claims which do not stack up.
Splitting income and deductions between owners
The ATO is concerned that husbands and wives are in some cases splitting income and deductions so that the bulk of the tax benefit gs to the higher earning spouse, even though the property is actually owned 50:50. Make sure that if you jointly acquire a property with your spouse, everything – income and deductions – needs to be split equally.
What you can't claim as a deduction
There are also a number of costs which you can't deduct, including costs associated with:
- acquiring and disposing of the property, including conveyancing costs, advertising costs and stamp duty. These costs would normally be of a capital nature and would be added to the cost base of the property
- expenses you don't actually incur as the owner of the property, for example costs in relation to the property which the person renting the property pays
- expenses not related to the rental of the property, for example interest on a loan which might originally have related to the property but where additional funds have been drawn down to fund private activities
- there are other expenses which, whilst not immediately deductible, can be claimed over a number of years. These include borrowing expenses (ie, those costs linked to the financing of the property such as title search fees, loan establishment fees, stamp duty on the mortgage, etc), depreciation costs on assets used in the building (such as air conditioners, hot water systems, etc) and capital works deductions (such as costs spent on altering, improving or extending the structure of the building). But remember, you can only claim the proportion of costs which relate to periods the property was available for rent.
Importantly, the ATO now has access to numerous sources of third party data, including access to popular rental listing sites for both long term and holiday rentals, so it is relatively easy for them to establish whether a claim that a property was 'available for rent' is correct.
In all cases, H&R Block is advising taxpayers to be careful – don't claim what you're not entitled to and make sure you have records to support and justify every item. Tread carefully – as the ATO is watching you!
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